The city is located in the favorable nature and climate zone.

Local topography is created by the flood plains and hilly steppe plains. The ground is almost non-subsiding, there are no ever-frozen, rocky or forest-like features leading to the forming of carse and landslides. All of these create favorable conditions for building of industrial and construction objects and lying of transport roads, including railroads. Largest rivers going through the city are Izh, Karlutka and Podborenka.

The city’s main water reservoir is artificially created in the second part of the XVIII century Izhevsk pond. It is the largest artificial water body not created for the electric energy generation. Area of the surface of the pond is 2,640 hectares.


Izhevsk underground water deposits consist of fresh and mineral water. Mineral waters are used for the health resort treatment and sold in retail stores. The water comes from water wells of “Metallurg” health resort, “Stroitel” health resort and mineral-fruit water plant. Because of the ideal combination of components, varied mineralization and pleasant taste mineral water from “Novoizhevskiy” water well is distributed throughout Udmurt Republic and other regions.

Soft wood (pine, spruce, silver fir) take up about 40 % of urban and peri-urban forest zone. Hard wood include birch, asp, and alder. Less common are oak, maple, elm, hazel.


Urban forests take up more than a quarter of the “Izhevsk” municipal body. Woodiness of the territory is 28.3 %. Soft wood (pine, spruce, silver fir, lariks) takes up 39 % of the total and hard (birch, asp, alder, oak, maple, elm, hazel, linden) wood 61 %. Overall timber resource is 1179.4 thousand cubic meters.

According to the regulation of Izhevsk Forestry the permitted type of uses of urban forests include: 

- Stock-piling of timber. It is planned according to the current regulations during cutting of dead and flawed trees, caring for the forest and cutting of the trees situated on a land chosen for the reconstruction and use of objects both connected and not connected to the creation of the forest infrastructure;

- Stock-piling and collecting of the non-timber forest resources (stock-piling of forest greenery, stock piling of soft-wood branches, only from cut or fallen trees) is permitted for personal use only.

- Stock-piling of edible forest resources for personal use only;


- Use of the forests for the scientific purposes on the basis of sustained use and rent in accordance with the project of forest exploitation.

- Use of the forests for recreational activities (organization of rest, tourism, health and fitness and sports activities);

- Use of the forest for construction and using of water reservoirs or other artificial bodies of water, hydro-technical objects, specialized ports according to the water regulations.

- Use of the forests for the religious practices;

- Use of the forests for the reconstruction of existing power transition lines, communication lines, roads, pipelines and other communication and utility lines;

- Growing of planting material of forest plants (planting stock, seedlings).


City’s ecology is in a good condition and has a tendency of improving due to regular environmental protection measures.

From 2001 to 2014 the amount of dirty water discharge decreased by 1.6 times. The fixed sources of environmental pollution decreased harmful substances emission by 1.3 times. 

Dynamics of dirty water discharge into Izhevsk water bodies from 2001 to 2013

The quality of urban environment is one of the key factors of the quality of life and work. According to the rating of Russian cities provided by the Ministry for Natural Resources and Environment in 2012 Izhevsk scored the 5th place on the quality of urban environment.

Participants of the rating included 85 cities with overall population of more than 57 million people (54 % of urban population of Russia). The scores of the rating are made in accordance with world practices and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. There are 7 key categories of the rating: quality of air, water usage and quality of water, waste management, territory usage, transportation, energy usage, controlling of the impact on the environment.

In the categories “Waste disposal” and “Energy usage” Izhevsk placed 4th and 1st.

Official conclusion of the Ministry for Natural Resources and Environment is as follows:

“The rating demonstrates that Russian cities of the first ten are equal to the large cities of the world, and even surpass them in some categories”. 

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